In fact, awareness of the gender gap can negatively affect the performance of the women in their physics exam. However, a rather simple writing exercise that focuses on core values mereafirmasi individual, it narrowed the gap and balancing the space for women who find themselves in the demographic (gender) is often distereotipekan.
In the view of their research, Akira Miyake from the University of Colorado in Boulder with his colleagues in Colorado and California implies that affirmation exercises similar value might help close the gender gap closer. Their study was published in the November 26 issue of the journal Science, published by AAAS, the nonprofit science.
“Introduction to the course that we are investigating in this study for students / i are planning to cultivate the field of science,” said Miyake. “So, the women in the course might be: well-controlled high school science lessons, interested in science, and highly motivated to do well. Fact that a large reduction in the gender gap for women who are no longer affected by stereotypes is, tells you that some psychological processes affect the performance of the women in the test and how strong the effect is. ”
New experiment follows a previous study by the same researchers on the effects of positive long-term effects of a similar writing exercise for students in grades seven African American race in public schools.
In the new study, Miyake and his colleagues tested 399 male and female students in introductory physics classes. During the first and fourth weeks, the researchers asked a group of students / i is selected at random to write personal values important to them, such as friends and family, for 15 minutes. Student / other i randomly placed into a control group and asked to write their personal values among the least important and explain why they might be important to others.
Exercise affirmation value turns out to be a promising intervention that seems to provide a measurable boost for women (but not men) is good for multiple-choice exams in the class and exam on the mastery of conceptual physics, the researchers said.
Writing exercise helped reduce the difference between male and female academic performance in physics classes for 15 weeks. More women obtain the value of B in the affirmation group than in the control group, and more women are getting C’s in the control group than those in the affirmative. The results of a survey given to the students / i indicates that the most visible academic improvement in women believe that men are generally better in physics. In the control group, women test scores tend to decrease when the rate is increased recognition of the stereotypes. However, a negative relationship between the recognition of stereotypes and test scores are not found in the group affirmation. Miyake said: “These results tell us that writing self affirmation essay exam women improve performance by reducing their anxiety related to negative stereotypes about the point of view of women in science.”
“Imagine getting a B in the class instead of C,” said Miyake. “The difference is big psychologically for women who want to cultivate the field of science, even a career in science. This gives you a huge confidence boost and perhaps motivate you to take more science courses.”
“Although our findings are promising, I would like to remind that the values affirmation intervention is not a silver bullet that magically makes the gender gap disappeared altogether,” concluded Miyake. “The situation is more complicated than that, and there are many factors that influence the gender gap in some disciplines. However, these values affirmation intervention is promising especially when combined with the kind of education reforms that are known to increase the learning of all students / i. Provided we create rich learning opportunities for all students / i, psychological interventions like this can help make a variety of science courses that are challenging and perhaps more frightening is less intimidating and more accessible to the majority student population / i, something that has not happened also prepared or supported in lingukangan-environment. “