Understanding / definition of system of government – meaning a whole system which consists of several parts that have a functional relationship. Government in the broad sense is the government / state institutions are doing everything good government as the executive, legislative and judicial. Government system and the system has a goal to maintain a stable country. But in some countries due to frequent separatist actions that are considered burdensome system of government of the people or harm people. The system of government has a strong foundation which can not be changed and become static. If a government has a system of government that is static, absolute, then it will go on forever until the insistence of the minority to protest it.
Broadly means the system of government that maintaining the stability of society, keeping the behavior of the majority or minority, keeping the foundation of government, maintaining political power, defense, economic security so that a continuous system of governance and democracy, which should contribute to the public can participate in the development of the system of government them. Until now only a few countries can practice the government system as a whole.
Grouping Government System
Presidential system of government. It is a system of government in which the head of government held by the president and the government is not accountable to parliament (legislative). Minister responsible to the president because the president serves as head of state and head of government. Example Country: USA, Pakistan, Argentina, the Philippines, Indonesia
Parliamentary system of government. Parliamentary system is a system of government in which the parliament has an important role in government. In this case the parliament has the authority to appoint the prime minister and parliament were able to bring down the government, by way of issuing such a no-confidence motion. Unlike a presidential system, in which the parliamentary system can have a president and a prime minister, in charge of the running of the government. In presidential the president authorized the running of the government, but the parliamentary system, the president is only a symbolic head of state only.
Parliamentary system is distinguished by the executive branch of the government depends on support directly or indirectly the legislative branch, or the parliament, often expressed through a veto conviction. Therefore, there is no clear separation of powers between the executive branch and the legislative branch, to criticism from some who felt a lack of checks and balances found in a presidential republic.
Praised the parliamentary system, compared with a presidential system, because kefleksibilitasannya and responses to the public. The drawback is that he often leads to a less stable government, as in the Weimar Republic of Germany and the French Fourth Republic. Parliamentary systems usually have a clear differentiation between the head of government and head of state, head of government is the prime minister, and the head of state appointed with little or ceremonial powers. However, some parliamentary systems also have a president elected with a lot of power as the head of state, providing a balance in this system.